Etiology and Development of Addiction

Professor Howard Shaffer from Harvard University proposed the syndrome model of addiction that a distinctive addiction might express the same underlying addiction syndrome and reflect shared etiology. Thus, addiction should be understood as a syndrome with multiple opportunistic expressions, such as pathological gambling or drug abuse. When a person repeatedly exposes to or interacts with objects of addiction (e.g. experiencing excitement through gambling wins or escaping from life’s pressure through drinking) the reward system in the brain is activated. When the neurobiological or social consequences of these interactions produce a desirable subjective shift that is reliable and robust, the opportunity of becoming an addiction increases.
Suitable medical treatment and psychotherapy help individuals cope with their addiction problems as well as rebuild healthy lives. If you suspect you, family members, friends or partners of being troubled by addiction problems, please seek help from our counselors at ICAPT through the hotline 2827 1000.